Ketogenic diet - what should be eaten?

ketogenic diet

The ketogenic diet has been used in children with epilepsy, in whom pharmacological treatment has failed. The aim of the ketogenic diet is to reduce the intake of carbohydrate-rich products and to increase the intake of fat-rich products. The aim of the ectogenic diet is to burn the body's accumulated fat reserves. Improper dietary management can cause many undesirable side effects. Reduction of carbohydrates and increase in fat intake should be gradual, and the fat intake should be as much as 75-90% of the energy provided, 10% of energy should come from proteins (7%) and carbohydrates (3%). It is also worth noting that the higher the carbohydrate/protein ratio, the more restrictive the diet is.

The ketone diet is recognized in the treatment of many diseases, such as: ailments, carbohydrates:

  • Dravet syndrome,
  • Rett's team,
  • Tuberous sclerosis,
  • epilepsy with myoclonic-statical seizures,
  • autism,
  • Parkinson's disease,
  • heart disease,
  • stroke,
  • obesity,
  • diabetes,
  • cancer,
  • irritable bowel syndrome,
  • Crohn's disease,
  • ulcerative colitis
  • Alzheimer's.

What is the main source of essential ingredients?

When using a ketogenic protein diet, we should look for protein in lean meat and cold cuts. Carbohydrates can be found in low sugar vegetables and fruits. Fats should be taken from vegetable oils, oil, mayonnaise and butter. Unfortunately, the ketogenic diet excludes such product groups as: sweets, honey, ice cream, jams, syrups or cereal products.

What can or cannot be done?

Since regular drinking of water is necessary to make up for water losses during a weight loss treatment, it is permitted to drink carbonated or non-carbonated water. The essence is that you can drink coffee and tea in any quantity without adding sugar. As for the menu, it should be prepared by an experienced dietitian to ensure a balanced diet. Since the ketogenic diet is monotonous, it is worth making sure that the food is tasty. [1]

What are the advantages and disadvantages?

  • + fat burning,
  • + improvement in physical and mental condition,
  • + feeling better,
  • + reducing the feeling of hunger and snacking between meals,
  • + lowers cholesterol and blood glucose levels,
  • - concentration problems,
  • - Dizziness,
  • - constipation,
  • - frequent urine,
  • - sleepiness,
  • - metabolic disorders.

It should be kept in mind that when the body switches to a new diet, the side effects usually disappear.

The ketogenic diet provides stunning results, but it is best to consult with a specialist beforehand. The specialist can prepare a menu, help choose products and set the right standards, which is quite a challenge for a layperson.

Who is not the target of a ketone diet?

The ketogenic diet should be avoided by people with kidney, pancreas and liver diseases, and also with a strain on the metabolism of ketone bodies.

Who is the ketone diet for?

The ketogenic diet is used by more and more people, regardless of gender. It is very popular because of the rapid weight loss. No wonder that it is mainly used by athletes and people who want to lose weight.

What products to choose?

We should choose fats but as little processed as possible. These are preferably saturated and monounsaturated fats. It is advisable to consume animal proteins. The more protein is in meat, the less protein we should consume. [1]

Saturated fats appear in lard, butter, milk, beef, lamb, pork and poultry with skin. Monounsaturated fats can be found in oil, olives, avocado, chocolate and nuts.

The ketogenic diet forces us to reduce our carbohydrate intake, so we should make sure that it comes mainly from vegetables. We must remember the principle that the more carbohydrates are in vegetables, the less carbohydrates we should consume. What can be eaten includes spinach broccoli, cauliflower, kale, aubergines, asparagus, lettuce, courgette, olives, mushrooms, avocado, cabbage.

Among the ingredients we should forget are sugar, starch, fruit and grains.

The ketogenic diet requires us to eat five meals a day. It is worth following a few recommendations:

  • do not eat between meals - five meals is enough,
  • eliminate sweets,
  • eat regularly,
  • drink plenty of water and other sugar-free liquids.

The advantage of the ketogenic diet is the fact that it can be used without any time limits. Moreover, new eating habits can be started after the weight loss.

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